Ep. 39: Islamic Principles #10: Plurality in Islamic Law

An advantage and a challenge within Islamic law is the great diversity of opinions. This itself stems from the over 80 schools of jurisprudence that have existed throughout Islamic legal history. In this episode I explore how we can practically deal with this diversity and plurality and explain why it is one of the greatest blessings and assets we have.

 

 

People Mentioned
Imam Shafi
Muhammad Abdu

 

 

Selected Links
Taqlid
Ijtihad
Dar Ifta of Egypt
Hanafi Scool
Ottoman Empire
Ibadi School
Ẓāhiri Scool
Zaydi School
J’afari School

Ep. 38: Thoughts on Islam and the Work Place

This podcast is by request from a listener and focuses on issues related to practicing Islam in the workplace. We spend an enormous time of our lives working and the transition from student to worker/employee can offer many challenges. This episode discuss some simple top-tier issues, and I hope to get deeper in a follow up episode or two. Enjoy!

 

Quran Mentioned
“And from His signs is the creation of the heavens and earths and the differences in your tongues and race. Indeed these are signs for all humankind.” (30:22)

Hadith Mentioned
Hadith of the Prophet (God bless him and give him peace) combining prayers in Madina for no reason: Sahih Muslim

Ep. 37: Celebrations and Holidays #3: The Month of Ṣafar

Ṣafar is the second month of the Islamic lunar calendar. There is a weak hadith narrated by Ibn ‘Abbās that states, “On the last Wednesday of the month [of Ṣafar] there is a continual calamity.” In other hadiths it is mentioned that this is the day during which Pharaoh and his army perished, and the people of ‘Ād and Thumūd were destroyed. Accordingly, there emerged from these texts various supplications and prayers to meet these historic, calamitous events with prayers and devotion.

 

Episode Notes:

Check out the blog post I put together on these devotional acts.

Ep. 36: Islamic Principles #9: The Meta-Goals of Islamic Law

After the formation and codification of Islamic law, jurists turned to articulating what the meta-goals of the law were. These five meta-goals serve as a reminder to the jurist and layperson alike that any form of Islam that violates or harms one or more of these, is an Islam that is fundamentally incompatible with Prophetic guidance.

 

 

 

Quran Mentioned
“We have created you into nations and tribes in order to know one another” (49:13)
“to you is your faith, and to me is mine” (109:6)
“whoever wills let them believe, whoever doesn’t, do not let them believe” (18:29)
“there is no compulsion in religion” (2:256)
“We have honored the human being” (17:70)
“…churches, temples, and mosques where God’s name is mentioned” (22:40)

Hadith Mentioned
“My community has been forgiven for mistakes, forgetfulness, and being forced to act.” (Ibn Majah & al-Bayhaqi)
“wisdom is the lost property of the believer” (al-Tirmidhi & Ibn Majah)

 

Devotional Acts for the month of Ṣafar

Ṣafar is the second month of the Islamic lunar calendar. There is a weak hadith narrated by Ibn ‘Abbās that states, “On the last Wednesday of the month [of Ṣafar] there is a continual calamity.” In other hadiths it is mentioned that this is the day during which Pharaoh and his army perished, and the people of ‘Ād and Thumūd were destroyed.  Accordingly, there emerged from these texts various supplications and prayers to meet these historic, calamitous events with prayers and devotion. It should be made clear that these devotions, prayers, and supplications are not necessarily based on a specific Sunna, but are themselves compliant with the Sunna since we are allowed to engage in extra devotions and supplications. This falls under the general legal principle that any increase in worship (using devotions found in the Sunna is permissible).

In light of this, the following are recommendations to perform and recite on the last Wednesday of of the month of Ṣafar.

 

1.   To pray the following prayer on the last Wednesday during the month of Ṣafar: four units of prayer after Fajr prayer (i.e. Ḍuḥa time) and before ”Asr prayer with one salām. In each unit of prayer recite the Fātiḥa once and surah al-Kawthar (17 times), surah al-Ikhlāṣ (5 times), surah al-Falaq (one time), and surah al-Nās (one time).

2.   After this prayer, recite the following supplication three times:

     بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم – يا شديد القُوَى – يا شديد المِحال – يا عزيزُ يا كريمُ – ذََّت لِعزَّتِك جَميع خلقك – اكفِنىِ من جَميعِ خَلقِكَ يا مُحسِنُ – يا مُجمِلُ – يا مُفَصِّلُ – يا مُنعِمُ – يا مُكرِمُ – يا لا إله إلا أنتَ  بِرحمَتِكَ يا أرحمَم الراحمِين

Bismillah al-Raḥmān al-Raḥīm – Yā Shadīd al-Quwa-yā shadīd al-Miḥāl – ya ‘Azīz ya Karīm – Dhalat li ‘Izatika Jamī’ Khalqik – Ikfinī min Jamī’ Khalqika ya Muḥsin ya Mujmil ya Mufaṣṣil ya Mun’im ya Mukrim ya lā ilāha illa Ant biraḥmatika ya Arḥam ak-Rāḥimīn.

 

3.   Recite the following 360 times:

و اللهُ غَلِبٌ على أمرِهِ و لاكِنَّ أكثَرَ النَّسِ لا يَعلمون

wa Allahu Ghālibun ‘ala Amrihi wa lākinna Akthara al-Nāsī lā y’alamūn

 

4.   Then write with one’s fingers the following verses in a bowl full of water, then drink the water:

سَلَامٌ عَلَىٰ نُوحٍ فِي الْعَالَمِينَ (*) إِنَّا كَذَٰلِكَ نَجْزِي الْمُحْسِنِينَ

سَلَامٌ عَلَىٰ إِبْرَاهِيمَ (*) كَذَٰلِكَ نَجْزِي الْمُحْسِنِينَ

سَلَامٌ عَلَىٰ مُوسَىٰ وَهَارُونَ (*) إِنَّا كَذَٰلِكَ نَجْزِي الْمُحْسِنِينَ

سَلَامٌ عَلَىٰ إِلْ يَاسِينَ (*) إِنَّا كَذَٰلِكَ نَجْزِي الْمُحْسِنِينَ

سَلَامٌ قَوْلًا مِّن رَّبٍّ رَّحِيمٍ

سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكُمْ طِبْتُمْ فَادْخُلُوهَا خَالِدِينَ

سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكُم بِمَا صَبَرْتُمْ ۚ فَنِعْمَ عُقْبَى الدَّارِ

سَلَامٌ هِيَ حَتَّىٰ مَطْلَعِ الْفَجْرِ