Ep. 38: Thoughts on Islam and the Work Place

This podcast is by request from a listener and focuses on issues related to practicing Islam in the workplace. We spend an enormous time of our lives working and the transition from student to worker/employee can offer many challenges. This episode discuss some simple top-tier issues, and I hope to get deeper in a follow up episode or two. Enjoy!

 

Quran Mentioned
“And from His signs is the creation of the heavens and earths and the differences in your tongues and race. Indeed these are signs for all humankind.” (30:22)

Hadith Mentioned
Hadith of the Prophet (God bless him and give him peace) combining prayers in Madina for no reason: Sahih Muslim

Ep. 37: Celebrations and Holidays #3: The Month of Ṣafar

Ṣafar is the second month of the Islamic lunar calendar. There is a weak hadith narrated by Ibn ‘Abbās that states, “On the last Wednesday of the month [of Ṣafar] there is a continual calamity.” In other hadiths it is mentioned that this is the day during which Pharaoh and his army perished, and the people of ‘Ād and Thumūd were destroyed. Accordingly, there emerged from these texts various supplications and prayers to meet these historic, calamitous events with prayers and devotion.

 

Episode Notes:

Check out the blog post I put together on these devotional acts.

Ep. 36: Islamic Principles #9: The Meta-Goals of Islamic Law

After the formation and codification of Islamic law, jurists turned to articulating what the meta-goals of the law were. These five meta-goals serve as a reminder to the jurist and layperson alike that any form of Islam that violates or harms one or more of these, is an Islam that is fundamentally incompatible with Prophetic guidance.

 

 

 

Quran Mentioned
“We have created you into nations and tribes in order to know one another” (49:13)
“to you is your faith, and to me is mine” (109:6)
“whoever wills let them believe, whoever doesn’t, do not let them believe” (18:29)
“there is no compulsion in religion” (2:256)
“We have honored the human being” (17:70)
“…churches, temples, and mosques where God’s name is mentioned” (22:40)

Hadith Mentioned
“My community has been forgiven for mistakes, forgetfulness, and being forced to act.” (Ibn Majah & al-Bayhaqi)
“wisdom is the lost property of the believer” (al-Tirmidhi & Ibn Majah)

 

Devotional Acts for the month of Ṣafar

Ṣafar is the second month of the Islamic lunar calendar. There is a weak hadith narrated by Ibn ‘Abbās that states, “On the last Wednesday of the month [of Ṣafar] there is a continual calamity.” In other hadiths it is mentioned that this is the day during which Pharaoh and his army perished, and the people of ‘Ād and Thumūd were destroyed.  Accordingly, there emerged from these texts various supplications and prayers to meet these historic, calamitous events with prayers and devotion. It should be made clear that these devotions, prayers, and supplications are not necessarily based on a specific Sunna, but are themselves compliant with the Sunna since we are allowed to engage in extra devotions and supplications. This falls under the general legal principle that any increase in worship (using devotions found in the Sunna is permissible).

In light of this, the following are recommendations to perform and recite on the last Wednesday of of the month of Ṣafar.

 

1.   To pray the following prayer on the last Wednesday during the month of Ṣafar: four units of prayer after Fajr prayer (i.e. Ḍuḥa time) and before ”Asr prayer with one salām. In each unit of prayer recite the Fātiḥa once and surah al-Kawthar (17 times), surah al-Ikhlāṣ (5 times), surah al-Falaq (one time), and surah al-Nās (one time).

2.   After this prayer, recite the following supplication three times:

     بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم – يا شديد القُوَى – يا شديد المِحال – يا عزيزُ يا كريمُ – ذََّت لِعزَّتِك جَميع خلقك – اكفِنىِ من جَميعِ خَلقِكَ يا مُحسِنُ – يا مُجمِلُ – يا مُفَصِّلُ – يا مُنعِمُ – يا مُكرِمُ – يا لا إله إلا أنتَ  بِرحمَتِكَ يا أرحمَم الراحمِين

Bismillah al-Raḥmān al-Raḥīm – Yā Shadīd al-Quwa-yā shadīd al-Miḥāl – ya ‘Azīz ya Karīm – Dhalat li ‘Izatika Jamī’ Khalqik – Ikfinī min Jamī’ Khalqika ya Muḥsin ya Mujmil ya Mufaṣṣil ya Mun’im ya Mukrim ya lā ilāha illa Ant biraḥmatika ya Arḥam ak-Rāḥimīn.

 

3.   Recite the following 360 times:

و اللهُ غَلِبٌ على أمرِهِ و لاكِنَّ أكثَرَ النَّسِ لا يَعلمون

wa Allahu Ghālibun ‘ala Amrihi wa lākinna Akthara al-Nāsī lā y’alamūn

 

4.   Then write with one’s fingers the following verses in a bowl full of water, then drink the water:

سَلَامٌ عَلَىٰ نُوحٍ فِي الْعَالَمِينَ (*) إِنَّا كَذَٰلِكَ نَجْزِي الْمُحْسِنِينَ

سَلَامٌ عَلَىٰ إِبْرَاهِيمَ (*) كَذَٰلِكَ نَجْزِي الْمُحْسِنِينَ

سَلَامٌ عَلَىٰ مُوسَىٰ وَهَارُونَ (*) إِنَّا كَذَٰلِكَ نَجْزِي الْمُحْسِنِينَ

سَلَامٌ عَلَىٰ إِلْ يَاسِينَ (*) إِنَّا كَذَٰلِكَ نَجْزِي الْمُحْسِنِينَ

سَلَامٌ قَوْلًا مِّن رَّبٍّ رَّحِيمٍ

سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكُمْ طِبْتُمْ فَادْخُلُوهَا خَالِدِينَ

سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكُم بِمَا صَبَرْتُمْ ۚ فَنِعْمَ عُقْبَى الدَّارِ

سَلَامٌ هِيَ حَتَّىٰ مَطْلَعِ الْفَجْرِ

 

 

 

 

Ep. 35: Islamic Principles #8: Renewing Usul al-Fiqh

One of the greatest achievements of Islamic intellectual history is Uṣūl al-Fiqh (Principles of Jurisprudence). This is not only a science and discipline that helps us interpret the Quran and Sunna, it is also a system of thinking based on first principles. While we are heirs to this great tradition, we are also in need of updating and advancing this body of study to keep up the modern challenges.

 

 

Quran Mentioned
“And from His signs that He created you from a single male and female.” (30:21)

Selected Links
Dinar and Dirham
Fiat currency
Moriscos

Ep. 34: Islamic Principles #7: Abrogation

Abrogation, while a technical subject in the science of jurisprudence, has a significant impact in how we understand the Quran today. In this episode I am openly promoting a certain interpretation that there is not abrogation in the Quran. While an acceptable interpretive opinion, it was always a minority one. This is changing today amongst senior clerics, and I hope this discussion makes it clear why.

https://soundcloud.com/makingsenseofislam/ep-34-islamic-principles-7-abrogation

Quran Mentioned
“We have revealed Quran and We alone preserved it” (15:9)
“We do not abrogate a verse or cause it to be forgotten, except that we bring something better than it” 2:106
“To you is your religion and to me is my religion”(109:6)
“Whoever wants let them believe, and whoever does not, don’t believe.” (18:29)

Hadith Mentioned
“I used to forbid you from visiting the graveyards, but now you should go visit them.” (Muslim)

People Mentioned
Abdullah Ibn Siddiq al-Ghumari
Ali Gomaa
Abu Muslim al-Asfahani (d. 325AH)
Fakhr al-Din al-Razi
Al-Suyuti
Hafz ‘an Asim
Abi ‘Amr al-Basri
Ibn Kathir
Dr. Sherman Jackson

Ep. 33: Celebrations & Holidays #2: ‘Ashura

The holiday of ‘Ashura is loaded with history, meaning, devotional acts, and lessons. This episode covers these aspects and the linked blog post in the episode notes provides a list of devotional acts you can all engage in both individual and with community to commemorate the occasion. Enjoy!

 

Quran Mentioned

And remind them of the days of God” (14:5)

 

Hadith Mentioned

Jews Fasting Ashura in Madina, (Bukhari)
Hadith and fasting the 9th & 10th of Muharram,  (Muslim)
Hadith on fasting on Ashura forgiving the sins of previous year (Muslim)
Expansion hadith, (It is a sound hadith on the conditions of Muslim)
Ikhlas being 1/3 of Quran (Bukhari)
Truth will be with ali (al-Hakim’s Mustadrak)
“I am the city of knowledge and Ali is its door” (al-Hakim’s Mustadrak)
Hadith that looking at Ali is a form of worship (Abd al-‘Aziz al-Ghumari wrote a treatise demonstrating its soundness)
Hadith describing who the Ahl al-Bayt are (i.e. Ahl Kisa), (Muslim)

 

Selected Links
Devotional Acts for ‘Ashura

Devotional Acts for Ashura (10th of Muharram)

This is a short, convenient list of devotional acts for the occasion of ‘Ashura, the 10th day of the month of Muḥarram:

1. Fast the ninth and tenth of Muḥarram.1

2. Expand on yourself and your family by way of making some extra food, buying small presents, inviting family over for dinner, etc. The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said that whosoever expands on themselves and their families on the day of ‘Āshurā’, Allah will expand on them the rest of the year. This has been tried by the Companions and proven to be true. 2

3. Say 70 times throughout the day: 3

“For me Allah is sufficient and the best One to rely on, the best source of protection and victory”
ḥasbiya Allahu wa ni‘ma’l wakīl, n‘ima’l mawla wa ni‘ma’l naṣīr
حسبي اللهُ و نِعمَ الوكيل، نِعمَ المَولَى وَ نِعمَ الوكيل

4. To recite the following prayer on the day of ‘Ashūra:
“Praise be to Allah”

Subḥān Allahi mil’a al-mizān, wa muntaha al-‘ilmi, wa mablagh al-riḍā, wa ‘adad al-ni’am, wa zinat al-‘arsh. Lā malja’ wa lā manjā min Allahi illa ilayhi. Subḥān Allah ‘adad al-shafi’ wa’l witr, wa ‘adad kalimātihi al-tāmmāt kuliha, as’aluka al-salāmata biraḥmatika ya arḥam al-rāḥimīn, wa la ḥawla, wa la quwwata illa billahi al-‘aliy al-‘aẓīm, wa Huwa ḥasbī wa ni’ma’l wakīl, n’ima al-mawla wa ni’ma’l wakīl, wa ṣalla Allahu ‘ala khayr khalqihi sayyiduna Muḥammad wa ālihi wa ṣaḥbihi Ajma’īn

سبحان الله مِلءَ المِيزان، و منتَهَى العلمِ، و مبلغَ الرِّضا، و عدد النِّعَم، و زنةِ العرشِ، لا مَلجَا و لا مَنجا من اللهِ إلا
إليهِ، سبحان الله عدد الشفعِ و الوترِ، عدد كلماته التَّامَّات كُلِها، أسألُكَ السَّلامةَ برحمتِكَ ياأرحم الراحمين، و لا
حولَ و لا قُوةَ ألا باللهِ العَلي العظيم، و هو حسبي و نِعمَ الوكيل، نِعمَ المولي و نِعمَ النَّصير، و صلَّ اللهُ علي خَيرِ
خَلقِهِ سيِّدنا مُحمَّدٍ وَ آلِهِ و صحبِهِ أجمَعين

5. Recite Surah Ikhlāṣ 1000 times

Bismillah al-Raḥmān al-Raḥīm
Qul huwa Allahu aḥad
Allahu ṣamad
Lam yalid wa lam yūlad
Wa lam yakun lahu kufuwwan aḥad

بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّ‌حْمَـٰنِ الرَّ‌حِيمِ
قُلْ هُوَ اللَّـهُ أَحَدٌ ﴿١﴾ اللَّـهُ الصَّمَدُ ﴿٢﴾ لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ ﴿٣﴾ وَلَمْ يَكُن لَّهُ كُفُوًا أَحَدٌ ﴿٤

6. Pray two or four units of prayer, reciting in each unit after the fātiḥa sura al-ikhlāṣ 11 or 15 times.

7.  Pray two units of prayers and say afterwards the following supplication (this could also be said after the completion of the prayers cited in 6 above):

yā awwal al-‘awwalīn, wa yā ākhir al-ākhirīn, lā ilāha illa anta, khalaqta awwail mā khalaqta fī hadha al-yawm, wa takhluqu ākhir mā takhluqu fī hadha al-yawm, ‘aṭinī fīhi khayra mā awlaytahu minhu awaliyāka wa anbiyā’aka wa aṣfiyā’ka min thawābi’l barāya, wa khari mā ‘aṭaytahum fihi mina’l karāmati biḥaqi sayyiduna Muḥammad wa ālihi wa aṣḥābihi.

يا أولَ الأَّلينَ، و يا آخِرَِِ الآخرينَ لا إلَهَ ألا أنتَ، خَلَقتَ أوَّلَ ما خَلَقتَ في هذا اليَوم،و تَخلُقٌ آخِرَ ما تَخلُقُ في هذا اليوم، أعطِِني
فيه خيرَ ما أولَيتَهُ مِنهُ أوليَاءَكَ و أنبيادك و أصفياءَكَ من ثوابِ البَرَايا و خير ما أعطَيتَهُم فيه من الكرامة بحضقِّ سيِّدنا محمدٍ
و آله و أصحابه

Ep. 32: Celebrations and Holidays: #1: New Year’s

With New Year’s just around a corner, I was motivated to put together a short episode exploring some of the lessons we can learn from the history of our own calendar as well as practices we can engage in to celebrate the passing of one year and the beginning of a new one. I hope this motivates you all to celebrate and have fun!

 

 

Quran Mentioned
Verse on pre-Islamic Arabs extending the months: (9:37)

 

Hadith Mentioned

At the Prophet’s final Hajj the calendar was set right. (Bukhari and Muslim)
”Hold to my sunna…” (Abu Dawud)
“Whoever is not concerned with the affairs of the Muslim is not from them”
Hadith of the boats (Bukhari)
“all humans sin, and best of sinners are those who constantly turn in repentance.”

Ep. 31: Islamic Principles #6: Juristic Methodology

How can we make sense of Islam today? This is not only the name of this podcast, but a question that I’ve been obsessed with for decades. This series shares several first-principles that we need to keep in mind as we seek to answer this question. Some will seem basic (but need repeating) and others might be new. In both cases these meta-principles are essential tools to make sense of it all.

 

 

 

Quran Mentioned
“Fighting is proscribed for you, but you detest it”

 

Hadith Mentioned
“The best generation is mine, etc…”