Ep. 15: Prophetic Models of Coexistences, Pt 5

My final discussion on the Prophetic Models of Coexistence. In this episode I discuss the various challenges the Prophet had to deal with inside Medina and outside. I also discuss some issues related to Islamic statecraft.



Episode notes

4:10 Prophet had to deal with a tense Medina situation
4:46 Introducing the Jews of Medina and the plurality of Medina
8:30 The story behind Nisa 105-108
12:30 Introducing the Hypocrites and Apostates of Medina
14:26 We judge by outward manifestation, we don’t investigate
15:30 We don’t know the true state of people and not for us to know
16:17 The story of Malik Bin Dinar
19:40 Introducing the Apostates of Medina
27:00 Dealing with challenges outside Medina
30:00 The treaty of Hudaybiya
35:00 Conquest of Mecca
39:16 The tribes of Arabia coming to Islam, international peace accords
42:00 no dictated way an Islamic state is supposed to follow.
43:50 Christian delegation from Yemen
46:50 The Prophet’s attitude towards war
56:17 plurality and coexistence is an intentionality in creation

Quran mentioned
Story of Jews who were framed, 4:105-108
“Whoever will let them believe, whoever doesn’t, do not force them”, 18:29
“There is no compulsion in religion”, 2:256
“Do not say to those who come to you and say peace you are not a believer”, 4:94
“He caused you to dwell on earth and asked us to develop earth”, 11:61
“He created you into nations and tribes to know one another”, 49:13
“Fight so there is no more tribulation and religion is for God”, 8:39

Hadith Mentioned
“maybe he prays”, Bukhari
“Quran will not penetrate their heart”, Bukhari
“today is the day of mercy”, Bukhari

People Mentioned
Malik Bin Dinar
S’ad Bin ‘Ubada

Ep 14: The 15th of Sha’ban and the Change of the Qibla

The 15th of Ramadan is also the date we commemorate the change of the qibla from Jerusalem to Mecca. There are a lot of lessons we can learn from this story. I discuss a few in this short clip.




Quran Mentioned

“We see you turning your face towards the heavens” 2:144
“Ask Allah or ask the Rahman”, 17:110
“Praise be the One who took His servant…” 17:1
“Allah has purchased from us our souls”, 9:111
“If someone comes with false information, verify” 49:6
“Remind, because reminders benefit the believers” 51:55
“If My servant asks about Me, indeed I am near” 2:186


Hadith Mentioned

“Should I not be a grateful servant”, Bukhari and Muslim
“None of us will enter paradise with our actions”, Bukhari
“I am the Prophet, no lie. I am the son of Abdullah”, Bukhari
story of the qibla change, Bukhari
“does the believer lie?” Muwatta’ of Imam Malik
“approach hadd punishments with doubt”, Tirmidhi
“It is enough to be called a liar that you repeat everything you hear”, Muslim



Ep 13, Prophetic Models of Coexistence, pt4

This episode talks about the Constitution of Madina and the formation of a plural state under the leadership of the Prophet.




Episode Notes
2:45 – beginning of the migration to Madina
3:48 – building of the first mosque
6:00 – the plurality of Madina
7:08 – the brotherhood program of Madina
10:45 – the constitution of Madina
11:17 – defining boundaries of the new state
11:58 – Quraysh as enemies of the state
13:08 – freedom of religion
13:46 – common source of legislation
15:15 – freedom of movement
16:08 – the Magna Carta
17:25 – concept of citizenship
19:30 – importance of the rule of law and accessibility of law
22:21 – importance of the sanctity of life
25:17 – freedom of religious belief
27:36 – civic action
28:40 – freedom of movement
33:29 – dealing with the hypocrites

Selected Links
Prophet’s Mosque
Muhajirun (Early Meccan Muslims)
Aws & Khazraj
Jews of Madina
Constitution of Madina
Magna Carta
Final Hajj Sermon
Nuremberg tribe
Hypocrites of Madina

Quran mentioned

“We have honored human beings”, 17:70
“Am I not your Lord?”, 7:172
“there is no compulsion in matters of religion”, 2:256

Hadith mentioned
“Even if Fatima the daughter of Muhammad were to steal, etc…”, Abu Dawud
“go you are all free”, Ibn Ishaq
hadith on not killing hypocrites, Bukhari

People mentioned
Fatima al-Zahra

Ep 12: The 15th of Sh’abān

With the beginning of the month of Sh’aban we have a tremendous opportunity on the eve of the 15th to prepare for Ramadan. This is also a reminder of the importance of supplication (dua) and charity.


Selected Links
For a more detailed look into the reasons behind creation and self-purification in Islam see this blog post.
Preserved Tablet 
Battle of Hunayn

Quran mentioned
“We have not created mankind and jinn kind except to worship”, 51:56
“Blessed is the person who refines their self, and wretched is the person who doesn’t”, 91:9
“He caused you to dwell on earth and asked you to build it”, 11:61
“I am sending to this earth a vicegerent (khalīfa)”, 2:30
“If my servant asks about Me, indeed I am near”, 2:186
“We are closer to him than his own jugular”, 50:16

Hadith mentioned
“I was only sent to perfect human character”, Ahmad
“whoever doesn’t ask Allah, He is upset”, Ahmad
“Ask Allah and you are certain of the response”, Ahmad
“Allah was and nothing was with Him”, Bukhari
Shafi dua of 15th of shaban accepted dua, Imam al-Shafi in his Um.
“Prophet was most generous and more generous in Ramadan”, Bukhari
“cure your sick with charity”, al-Bayhaqi

People mentioned
Ibn ‘Arabi
Abu Sufyan

Ep 10: The Night Journey of the Prophet

The eve of the 27th of Rajab is traditionally when Muslims commemorate and celebrate the Night Journey of the Prophet of Islam (Isrā’ wa’l M’irāj). While an immensely detailed story, this episode focuses on four practical takeaways to make this year’s celebration impactful and uplifting.


Year of Sorrow
On removing harm in Islamic law

Quran Mentioned
“With hardship is ease”, 94:5-6
People who worship on the edge, 22:11
Quran was not revealed for us to be miserable, 20:2
“Ask the people of remembrance if you don’t know”, 16:43
“Prayer is difficult for those who don’t have presence”, 2:45
Remembering God a lot, 33:41
“Remember God lying, siting, and standing,” 3, 191

Hadith Mentioned
“That which is between us and the non-believers is prayer”, Nisai
“There is no good in a religion that does not have prayer, Abu Dawud

People Mentioned
Abu Talib
Lady Khadija

Ep 09: Prophetic Models of Coexistence, Pt2

The first model of Prophetic Coexistence was life in Mecca both before revelation and afterward. The key lesson is massive amounts of patience.


Episode Notes

3:25 Life in Makka before Islam
4:26 the difference between usury and bank interest
7:20 Khadija describing the character of the Prophet
8:40 The treaty of Fuḍūl and the Prophet acting on it
11:30 He lived in the community, but was not consumed by that community
12:10 He took his cousin Ali in his house due to economic hardship
13:06 Who were the first believers?
13:45 The beginning of Prophecy
14:49 Meccans not tolerating the early Muslims
16:50 The persecution of Bilal
18:15 The first martyrs of Islam
18:41 The patience of the Prophet and the early community
20:18 The spiritual benefits of patience
23:03 The Prophet never called for arms while being persecuted
24:45 The Prophet never cut his ties with the K’aba
25:43 The difference between correct religion and literalism


Treaty of Fudul

Quran Mentioned

The girl child asks why she was killed, 81:8
“We will test you with loss of wealth and loss of family” 2:155
“He gives Dominion to who He Wants…” 3:26

Hadith Mentioned

Ja’afar’s hadith to the Najashi, al-Tabarani
Khadija’s hadith on being a good man, etc., Muslim
“O patience family of Yasir..”, Bayhaqi
Makkans offering the Prophet to be a King, Seera Ibn Hisham
“belief in destiny; its good and its bad”, Muslim

People Mentioned
J’afar Ibn Abi Talib
Lady Khadija
Ali Bin Abi Talib
Abu Bakr




Ep 08: Introduction to the Prophetic Models of Coexistence Pt1

Ep 08: Introduction to the Prophetic Models of Coexistence, Pt1

The Prophet of Islam stood for coexistence. We have lost sight of this fact, and therefore reexamining the life of Prophet Muhammad to see how he coexisted with every aspect of society is not only important but highly relevant. Hopefully, this series will do just that.




Episode Notes Introduction 1

1:20 – we are upset and confused
2:30 – problems are big and responses are weak
3:40 – a three-part framework for normative Islam
4:45 – the difference between religion (dīn) and religiosity (tadayyun)
6:53 – First rule of three in interpreting Islam’s primary sources 11:35 – the threat of creating a parallel religion
12:30 – finding comforts in our multiple identities 13:25 – there is a right Islam and a wrong Islam
14:30 – the need to provide direct responses to current misconceptions

Introduction 2
15:41 – introducing the specific material and the book
16:40 – goals of discussing Prophetic models of coexistence
16:52 – outline of the four models of Coexistence
18:02 – taking from all models and combinations of them
20:00 – The Sharia and the 5 main goals of the Sharia
20:55 – how legal abrogation (naskh) impacts finding a model of coexistence that works for us
25:43 – an example of slavery and abrogation, and suspension of rulings
26:34 – The Sharia wants slavery to end
29:47 – we want to revive Islam, not reform it
32:06 – the concept of the subtle moment in Islamic law
34:55 – the concept of the object of a Sharia ruling has vanished
35:18 – the concept of what is necessary now
36:48 – the four things that allow a ruling of the Sharia to change

fiat currency
the first rule of three 
Gomaa’s book link
Coexist Foundation
Maqasid al sharia
Abrogation in Sharia
Ratio legis
International treaties to end slavery
Ihya Ulum al Din
Prayer T1/T4 – tayammum sign

Quran Quotes
Woe to those who pray, and are absentminded in their prayer: 107:4-5
To you is your religion and to me is mine: 109:6
Whoever wills let them believe, whoever doesn’t, do not force them to believe: 18:29
Indeed for you in the Messenger of God is a perfect example: 33:21
Free a slave: 90:13
Ruling with what God has revealed: 5:44

Hadith Quotes
“My Companions are like the stars”: Bayhaqi
Lying about the Prophet ﷺ on purpose: Bukhari
What was the Prophet’s face like – radiant like the moon: Bukhari and Tirmidhi
Hadith of a reviver being sent to the Muslim community every 100 years: Abu Dawud
“From the wisdom of David in Psalms that the believer should be knowledgeable of their time and needs”: Ibn Hibban

People Mentioned
Ali Gomaa
Abu Muslim Al-Asfahani
Abdallah al-Ghumari
Benjamin Franklin
Imam al-Ghazali

Ep 07: The Cave

Ep 07: The Cave

The chapter of the Cave (chapter 18) tells a story of a group of young men fleeing persecution. However, aside from being a historical story, it speaks to us personally. We all have some sort of injustice that we need to run away from, and the greatest cave we can find solace in is our own heart. How can we accomplish this, how can we be safe in the cave that is within?



Episode Notes

Quran Mentioned

  • “To you is your religion, and to me is mine”, 109:6
  • “They were a small group who believed, so We increased them in guidance”, 18:13
  • “Have awareness of God, and God will teach you”, 2:282
  • “Read in the name of your Lord who created you”, 96:1
  • “Those who remember God standing, sitting, lying, and contemplate the creation of the heavens and the earth”, 3:191
  • “O you who believe, remember God often”, 33:41
  • “Flee towards God”, 51:50


Hadith Mentioned

  • On the practice of reciting the chapter of the Cave (Kahf) on Fridays: al-Ḥākim in his Mustadrak
  • Everything has a polish and the polish of the hearts is the remembrance of God: Bayhaqi
  • Make remembrance of God until people say you are crazy: Imam Ahmad in his Musnad
  • “I created you for my worship so don’t fool around…” Not really a hadith, but a popular statement found in some Islamic literature. We therefore do not ascribe it to the Prophet ﷺ, but its meaning is sound.
  • “Allah is beautiful and loves beauty”: Muslim
  • “Allah has written perfection (ihsan) on everything”: Muslim

People Mentioned

Ep 06: The Month of Rajab

Rajab is one of the four holy months in the Islamic calendar and typically signifies the countdown towards Ramadan. However, there are other blessings and historical events, such as the famous night journey of the Holy Prophet. How can we make the most of this month? This episode offers some ideas.


Episode Notes

Quran Mentioned

  • Verses about the four holy months, 9:36
  • Nasī’ is an increase in disbelief, 9:37
  • Pack your taqwa, 2:197
  • Be and it is, 16:40
  • Victorious is the one who purifies their sou. Defeated is the one who doesn’t, 91:9-10

Hadith Mentioned

  • The Prophet (God bless him and give him peace) saying the year is now in order, Musnad of Imam Ahmad
  • Fasting person has two joys, al-Tirmidhi
  • All actions of the person are theirs except fasting it belongs to Me, Bukhari & Muslim
  • In your days are windows of opportunities, al-Tabarani
  • No good in a religion without prayer, Abu Dawud
  • A ring cast in the desert, Ibn Hibban
  • Stories of Prophet’s chest being opened, Muslim