Ep. 34: Islamic Principles #7: Abrogation

Abrogation, while a technical subject in the science of jurisprudence, has a significant impact in how we understand the Quran today. In this episode I am openly promoting a certain interpretation that there is not abrogation in the Quran. While an acceptable interpretive opinion, it was always a minority one. This is changing today amongst senior clerics, and I hope this discussion makes it clear why.

 

 

 

Quran Mentioned
“We have revealed Quran and We alone preserved it” (15:9)
“We do not abrogate a verse or cause it to be forgotten, except that we bring something better than it” 2:106
“To you is your religion and to me is my religion”(109:6)
“Whoever wants let them believe, and whoever does not, don’t believe.” (18:29)

Hadith Mentioned
“I used to forbid you from visiting the graveyards, but now you should go visit them.” (Muslim)

People Mentioned
Abdullah Ibn Siddiq al-Ghumari
Ali Gomaa
Abu Muslim al-Asfahani (d. 325AH)
Fakhr al-Din al-Razi
Al-Suyuti
Hafz ‘an Asim
Abi ‘Amr al-Basri
Ibn Kathir
Dr. Sherman Jackson

Ep. 33: Celebrations & Holidays #2: ‘Ashura

The holiday of ‘Ashura is loaded with history, meaning, devotional acts, and lessons. This episode covers these aspects and the linked blog post in the episode notes provides a list of devotional acts you can all engage in both individual and with community to commemorate the occasion. Enjoy!

 

Quran Mentioned

And remind them of the days of God” (14:5)

 

Hadith Mentioned

Jews Fasting Ashura in Madina, (Bukhari)
Hadith and fasting the 9th & 10th of Muharram,  (Muslim)
Hadith on fasting on Ashura forgiving the sins of previous year (Muslim)
Expansion hadith, (It is a sound hadith on the conditions of Muslim)
Ikhlas being 1/3 of Quran (Bukhari)
Truth will be with ali (al-Hakim’s Mustadrak)
“I am the city of knowledge and Ali is its door” (al-Hakim’s Mustadrak)
Hadith that looking at Ali is a form of worship (Abd al-‘Aziz al-Ghumari wrote a treatise demonstrating its soundness)
Hadith describing who the Ahl al-Bayt are (i.e. Ahl Kisa), (Muslim)

 

Selected Links
Devotional Acts for ‘Ashura

Devotional Acts for Ashura (10th of Muharram)

This is a short, convenient list of devotional acts for the occasion of ‘Ashura, the 10th day of the month of Muḥarram:

1. Fast the ninth and tenth of Muḥarram.1

2. Expand on yourself and your family by way of making some extra food, buying small presents, inviting family over for dinner, etc. The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said that whosoever expands on themselves and their families on the day of ‘Āshurā’, Allah will expand on them the rest of the year. This has been tried by the Companions and proven to be true. 2

3. Say 70 times throughout the day: 3

“For me Allah is sufficient and the best One to rely on, the best source of protection and victory”
ḥasbiya Allahu wa ni‘ma’l wakīl, n‘ima’l mawla wa ni‘ma’l naṣīr
حسبي اللهُ و نِعمَ الوكيل، نِعمَ المَولَى وَ نِعمَ الوكيل

4. To recite the following prayer on the day of ‘Ashūra:
“Praise be to Allah”

Subḥān Allahi mil’a al-mizān, wa muntaha al-‘ilmi, wa mablagh al-riḍā, wa ‘adad al-ni’am, wa zinat al-‘arsh. Lā malja’ wa lā manjā min Allahi illa ilayhi. Subḥān Allah ‘adad al-shafi’ wa’l witr, wa ‘adad kalimātihi al-tāmmāt kuliha, as’aluka al-salāmata biraḥmatika ya arḥam al-rāḥimīn, wa la ḥawla, wa la quwwata illa billahi al-‘aliy al-‘aẓīm, wa Huwa ḥasbī wa ni’ma’l wakīl, n’ima al-mawla wa ni’ma’l wakīl, wa ṣalla Allahu ‘ala khayr khalqihi sayyiduna Muḥammad wa ālihi wa ṣaḥbihi Ajma’īn

سبحان الله مِلءَ المِيزان، و منتَهَى العلمِ، و مبلغَ الرِّضا، و عدد النِّعَم، و زنةِ العرشِ، لا مَلجَا و لا مَنجا من اللهِ إلا
إليهِ، سبحان الله عدد الشفعِ و الوترِ، عدد كلماته التَّامَّات كُلِها، أسألُكَ السَّلامةَ برحمتِكَ ياأرحم الراحمين، و لا
حولَ و لا قُوةَ ألا باللهِ العَلي العظيم، و هو حسبي و نِعمَ الوكيل، نِعمَ المولي و نِعمَ النَّصير، و صلَّ اللهُ علي خَيرِ
خَلقِهِ سيِّدنا مُحمَّدٍ وَ آلِهِ و صحبِهِ أجمَعين

5. Recite Surah Ikhlāṣ 1000 times

Bismillah al-Raḥmān al-Raḥīm
Qul huwa Allahu aḥad
Allahu ṣamad
Lam yalid wa lam yūlad
Wa lam yakun lahu kufuwwan aḥad

بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّ‌حْمَـٰنِ الرَّ‌حِيمِ
قُلْ هُوَ اللَّـهُ أَحَدٌ ﴿١﴾ اللَّـهُ الصَّمَدُ ﴿٢﴾ لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ ﴿٣﴾ وَلَمْ يَكُن لَّهُ كُفُوًا أَحَدٌ ﴿٤

6. Pray two or four units of prayer, reciting in each unit after the fātiḥa sura al-ikhlāṣ 11 or 15 times.

7.  Pray two units of prayers and say afterwards the following supplication (this could also be said after the completion of the prayers cited in 6 above):

yā awwal al-‘awwalīn, wa yā ākhir al-ākhirīn, lā ilāha illa anta, khalaqta awwail mā khalaqta fī hadha al-yawm, wa takhluqu ākhir mā takhluqu fī hadha al-yawm, ‘aṭinī fīhi khayra mā awlaytahu minhu awaliyāka wa anbiyā’aka wa aṣfiyā’ka min thawābi’l barāya, wa khari mā ‘aṭaytahum fihi mina’l karāmati biḥaqi sayyiduna Muḥammad wa ālihi wa aṣḥābihi.

يا أولَ الأَّلينَ، و يا آخِرَِِ الآخرينَ لا إلَهَ ألا أنتَ، خَلَقتَ أوَّلَ ما خَلَقتَ في هذا اليَوم،و تَخلُقٌ آخِرَ ما تَخلُقُ في هذا اليوم، أعطِِني
فيه خيرَ ما أولَيتَهُ مِنهُ أوليَاءَكَ و أنبيادك و أصفياءَكَ من ثوابِ البَرَايا و خير ما أعطَيتَهُم فيه من الكرامة بحضقِّ سيِّدنا محمدٍ
و آله و أصحابه

Ep. 32: Celebrations and Holidays: #1: New Year’s

With New Year’s just around a corner, I was motivated to put together a short episode exploring some of the lessons we can learn from the history of our own calendar as well as practices we can engage in to celebrate the passing of one year and the beginning of a new one. I hope this motivates you all to celebrate and have fun!

 

 

Quran Mentioned
Verse on pre-Islamic Arabs extending the months: (9:37)

 

Hadith Mentioned

At the Prophet’s final Hajj the calendar was set right. (Bukhari and Muslim)
”Hold to my sunna…” (Abu Dawud)
“Whoever is not concerned with the affairs of the Muslim is not from them”
Hadith of the boats (Bukhari)
“all humans sin, and best of sinners are those who constantly turn in repentance.”

Ep. 31: Islamic Principles #6: Juristic Methodology

How can we make sense of Islam today? This is not only the name of this podcast, but a question that I’ve been obsessed with for decades. This series shares several first-principles that we need to keep in mind as we seek to answer this question. Some will seem basic (but need repeating) and others might be new. In both cases these meta-principles are essential tools to make sense of it all.

 

 

 

Quran Mentioned
“Fighting is proscribed for you, but you detest it”

 

Hadith Mentioned
“The best generation is mine, etc…”

Ep. 30: Islamic Principles #5: The Arabic Language

 

How can we make sense of Islam today? This is not only the name of this podcast, but a question that I’ve been obsessed with for decades. This series shares several first-principles that we need to keep in mind as we seek to answer this question. Some will seem basic (but need repeating) and others might be new. In both cases these meta-principles are essential tools to make sense of it all.

 

 

Quran Mentioned
“ if your parents struggle with you disbelieve..”, (31:15)
“Fighting has been prescribed to you but you dislike it”, (2:216)
“are they equal those who know and those who don’t know?”, (39:9)

Hadith Mentioned
“Best form of charity is effort the poor person”, (Abu Dawud)
“We have returned from lesser jihad to the greater jihad..the jihad of the person against themselves”, (Bayhaqi)

People Mentioned
Imam al-Shafi’i
Sibawayh

Selected Links
Risala of Imam Shafi’i

Ep. 29: Islamic Principles #4: The Patterns of Creation

How can we make sense of Islam today? This is not only the name of this podcast, but a question that I’ve been obsessed with for decades. This series shares several first-principles that we need to keep in mind as we seek to answer this question. Some will seem basic (but need repeating) and others might be new. In both cases these meta-principles are essential tools to make sense of it all.

 

Quran Mentioned
“You will not find in the patterns of God change” 35:43
“We will show them our sings in the heavens and in themselves until they see it is Truth”41:53
“These days we alternate power between people” (3:140)
“He causes the night to pass into the day and causes the day to pass into the night” (35:13)
“He created you into tribes and nations to know one another” (49:13)
“Where it not that God checks one group of people against another, there would be tribulation on earth” 2:251

 

Hadith Mentioned
“scholars are the inheritors of the Prophets” (al-Tirmidhi)

Ep. 28: Islamic Principles #3: Understanding the Quran

Ep. 28: Islamic Principles #3: Understanding the Quran

How can we make sense of Islam today? This is not only the name of this podcast, but a question that I’ve been obsessed with for decades. This series shares several first-principles that we need to keep in mind as we seek to answer this question. Some will seem basic (but need repeating) and others might be new. In both cases these meta-principles are essential tools to make sense of it all.

 

 

Quran Mentioned
“We have revealed Quran and We have preserved it”, (15:9)
“no soul will bear the burdens of another”, (6:164)
if you are mindful of God He will show you a way out”, (65:3)
“I am sending a vicegerent on earth”, (2:30)

People Mentioned
Ernest Hemingway

Selected Links
A Farewell to Arms

Ep. 27: Islamic Principles #2: Mercy

How can we make sense of Islam today? This is not only the name of this podcast, but a question that I’ve been obsessed with for decades. This series shares several first-principles that we need to keep in mind as we seek to answer this question. Some will seem basic (but need repeating) and others might be new. In both cases these meta-principles are essential tools to make sense of it all.

Quran Mentioned
We have not sent you except as a mercy to mankind, 21:107
Indeed in the Messenger of God is a perfect example, 33:21

Hadith Mentioned
Hadith of 99 names, (Tirmidhi)
My Mercy precedes my wrath, (al-Dhahabi)
I made injustice haram, (Muslim)
I have been sent as a merciful gift, (Bayhaqi)
None of you truly believe until you love the Prophet more than your own self, (Bukhari)
First hadith (aka the hadith of mercy), (Tirmidhi)
“go you are free” (Ibn Hisham’s Seera)

People Mentioned
Imam Jazuli (d. 1465)

Ep. 26: Islamic Principles #1, Why were we created?

Ep. 26: Islamic Principles #1 Why were we created?

How can we make sense of Islam today? This is not only the name of this podcast, but a question that I’ve been obsessed with for decades. This series shares several first-principles that we need to keep in mind as we seek to answer this question. Some will seem basic (but need repeating) and others might be new. In both cases these meta-principles are essential tools to make sense of it all.

 

Quran Mentioned
worship verse, 51:56
purification verses, 91: 9-10
Zulaykha taking about the lowest level of the self, 12:53
development verse, 11:61

 

Hadith Mentioned
“No good in a religion without prayer”, Abu Dawud
three people who said certain things and Prophet said I will be moderate and “whoever doesn’t follow my way is not from me”, Bukhari
hadith of the greater jihad, al-Daylami